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Space Facts




  • The Sun is over 300000 times larger than earth. 
  • Halley’s Comet was last seen in the inner Solar System in 1986, it will be visible again from Earth sometime in 2061 (get your camera ready).
  • Venus is the hottest planet in our solar system with a surface temperature of over 450 degrees celcius.
  • Many scientists believe that an asteroid impact caused the extinction of the dinosaurs around 65 million years ago. 
  • The Solar System formed around 4.6 billion years ago. 
  • The Moon appears to have more craters and scars than Earth because it has a lot less natural activity going on, the Earth is constantly reforming its surface through earthquakes, erosion, rain, wind and plants growing on the surface, while the moon has very little weather to alter its appearance. 
  • Saturn isn't the only ringed planet, other gas giants such as Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune also have rings, they are just less obvious.
  • Footprints and tyre tracks left behind by astronauts on the moon will stay there forever as there is no wind to blow them away.
  • In 2006, astronomers changed the definition of a planet. This means that Pluto is now referred to as a dwarf planet. Learn more dwarf planet facts
  • Because of lower gravity, a person who weighs 200 pounds on earth would only weigh 76 pounds on the surface of Mars.
  • The only planet that rotates on its side like a barrel is Uranus. The only planet that spins backwards relative to the others is Venus.
  • Some of the fastest meteoroids can travel through the solar system at a speed of around 42 kilometres per second (26 miles per second). Check out more meteoroid facts or learn the difference between comets, asteroids and meteoroids.
  • The first man made object sent into space was in 1957 when the Russian satellite named Sputnik was launched.
  • Jupiter's 4 biggest moons are named Europa, Ganymede, Callisto and Io. 
  • It is because of the Sun & Moons gravity that we have high & low tides.






At least 62,140 candidates will have to re-write university admission examinations as the Joint Examination and Matriculation Board, JAMB, has delisted computer-based centres (CBT) from board examination as a result of technical deficiencies, extortion, organised examination malpractice and other infractions.

The board also suspended 24 centres for one year due to technical issues. It said the affected centres may be considered for 2019 exams.

The rescheduled exams will hold July 1.

The registrar of JAMB, Ishaq Oloyede, said these at a press briefing after the board’s management meeting in Abuja on Wednesday.

NEWSJAMB orders over 60,000 candidates to rewrite UMTE over malpractice, others
ByLaila Ijeoma…Published on June 14, 2017 at 7:03 pm
At least 62,140 candidates will have to re-write university admission examinations as the Joint Examination and Matriculation Board, JAMB, has delisted computer-based centres (CBT) from board examination as a result of technical deficiencies, extortion, organised examination malpractice and other infractions.

The board also suspended 24 centres for one year due to technical issues. It said the affected centres may be considered for 2019 exams.

The rescheduled exams will hold July 1.

The registrar of JAMB, Ishaq Oloyede, said these at a press briefing after the board’s management meeting in Abuja on Wednesday.

The 62,140 cancelled results include of 57,646 candidates in centres-induced malpractice, 3,811 late registration, and 683 candidates who had biometric challenges.

The board also cancelled the results of another 2,052 individual candidates found culpable of examination malpractice.

Mr. Oloyede said the management meeting had approved the “delisting of forty-eight (48) centres from participating in the board’s examination in future as a result of serious technical deficiencies, extortion, organised examination malpractice and other damaging infractions”.

He explained that the rescheduled examination was for candidates of centres with mass malpractice but who were deemed innocent.

“The rescheduling of examination is for: biometric non verification machine related issues, technical and log out issues, late registration, malfunctioning of servers at the centre and incomplete results,” he said.

According to the board, 1,722,236 candidates registered for the 2017 unified Tertiary Matriculation Board, which is the highest figure ever in the history of the exams.



Source: Vanguard


Published in News Letter News

Do It Together

Dinner's over. Instead of heading for the TV room, make a beeline for the front door. Go for a walk or a bike ride. Shoot some hoops or play catch. Just keep the conversation light. This is not the time to go over your child's grades or chores. If it's fun for everyone, you'll all want to keep doing it.

Aim for an Hour a Day

Kids need to move for a total of 60 minutes a day. It should be a mix of activities that:

Get the heart pumping (such as running and fast walking)
Work muscles (like pushups)
Strengthen bones (like jumping rope)
This hour of exercise doesn't have to happen all at once. Kids can split it up over the course of the day. Have them take a brisk walk with the dog after school, play on a jungle gym -- it all adds up.


Use a Step Counter

Kids love gadgets. A step counter (aka pedometer) can motivate them to move more. Get one for everyone in the family. Then come up with mini-challenges to get moving throughout the day.

How many steps to the telephone pole? How quickly can you take 80 steps?  See if your kids like posting a tally of steps in the kitchen for a little friendly competition, or have them try and beat their personal record.

Grab Some Fun Gear

You don't need fancy equipment to get your family moving. Sure, a tennis racket or a pair of skates can provide a little inspiration, but a simple, affordable jump rope or an inflatable beach ball can do the trick, too. Keep a hidden stash of new outdoor toys. Then bust 'em out on days when your kids seem bored.


Set the Scene

It sounds simple, but sometimes you just have to choose the right location. Take kids to a playground or a baseball field. Go to the park. Have a picnic by a lake with a few of their friends. 

You may not have to do much to get them moving. They may be inspired by their surroundings or other kids.

Shop Around for Classes

Classes -- whether aikido or dance, tennis or yoga -- can be a great way to get your kids to love physical activity.


Visit some classes for free before you sign up, and let your kids pick their favorite. That way, you know the money is well spent.

Play Video Games? Yes!

When it comes to fitness, video games don't have to be the enemy. Use a game system with a motion sensor, like the Kinect or Wii. There are lots of games -- physical fitness, yoga, sports, dance -- you can rent or borrow.

Kids who get up and really move when they play active video games burn up to 200% more energy than they do when they play standard ones sitting down. But it's still a good idea to limit screen time.

Make It Fun

Grab your child's hand and go jump in a pile of leaves. You don't even have to say "exercise." Plant some tulips. Walk to the library. Make a snowman. Make it a seamless, fun part of their everyday life, not something they "have to" do.

Offer Encouragement

If your child doesn't take to exercise right away, don't give up. Praise what they do. Help them try out activities that don't have to be competitive, like hiking or kayaking.

The key is to help them find their element. Keep trying different sports or activities. Help them see that physical activity is for everybody.

Find Your Passion

If you want your kids to exercise, it helps if you do. If they see you moving, they know it's an important part of life that can be fun!  

So what's your thing?  Find an activity that you really enjoy. Then share it with your kids. It's OK if you haven't been moving much either. You can start together.

Sneak It In

For example, when you go to the mall, make time to park far away from the entrance. Inside, point out that sometimes it's better to take the stairs than to wait for the elevator. Race to see who can put away toys first or make the biggest pile of leaves.

Taking any chance to walk, run, jump, and play will make physical activity into a daily habit that becomes second nature to them.


Published in Newsletter Articles

The amount of time children spend watching digital screens is worrying. Children don’t seem to get tired of watching TV or playing with the iPad. This obsession with gadgets is a matter of concern, but the immediate worry is about its adverse impact on their vision.

Why gadgets and kids don’t mix well

Kids use gadgets for playing games, chatting, browsing or watching movies. The activity is usually so involving that they don’t take their attention off the screen. They also don’t pay attention to things like posture, screen distance, and brightness, which can adversely affect their vision and health.

Staring at electronic screens for extended periods causes discomfort. You suffer from dry eyes, eye irritation and find it difficult to focus for a while. Spending too much time in one posture can also result in neck and back ache. If you are finding it difficult to cope with screen time, imagine what your child’s eyes must be going through.

Digital screens have become an inseparable part of life. You can’t wish them away or keep kids away from them, but you can minimize their impact on your children. The first step is to understand what you are up against.

The consequences of too much screen time

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an average child spends about 8 hours a day watching electronic screens. Gadget use among kids increases with age. Although it cannot be said with certainty, research indicates that children spending too much time staring at screens are at higher risk of long-term vision problems. Apart from televisions and video games, most gadgets came in the last two decades. While the immediate effects on children can be observed, their long-term effects are unknown.

According to researchers, children who spend a lot of time with gadgets are likely to develop temporary myopia (nearsightedness). Fortunately, the effect is transient and the eyes recover a few minutes after they switch to a non-screen activity.

The effect of spending a lot of time watching screens is not limited to the eyes alone. Apart from symptoms like dry eyes, burning sensation, double vision and blurry vision, people also complain of headaches and posture-related problems like neck and back pain. Doctors now call this set of symptoms as “computer vision syndrome”.

When people use electronic screens, they blink less. On an average, a person blinks about 15 times in a minute. Due to the high attention required while using an electronic screen, this rate can drop to less than 5 times in a minute.

Blinking is a natural mechanism that keeps the eyes moist, lubricated and clean. A lower blink rate causes dry eyes and irritation. The severity varies according to the type of activity and the level of engagement. A video game, therefore, creates more eyestrain because you have to constantly watch and respond to what is happening on screen. Desktop computers and wall-mounted televisions can make it worse because they make you look upwards. This makes you open your eyes wider and expose more surface area of the eye to evaporation.

Electronic screens can generate images with a lot of brightness and contrast and they can vary these images in a fraction of a second. They also reflect glare from surrounding light sources like lamps and windows. Your eyes have to frequently respond to changing light levels. Watching a screen that is too dim or bright compared to the surroundings also causes eye strain. Your eyes have to adjust when you switch from the screen to the surroundings. The frequent dilation and contraction of pupils results in eye fatigue.

Most modern gadgets come with LED screens because they produce clearer pictures and consume less power. The amount of blue light emitted by these screens is a matter of concern. LED screens emit a lot more blue light compared to LCD screens. Although research is limited, many optometrists suspect that blue light can cause irreversible damage to the retina. This can increase the risk of macular degeneration and cataract.

The macula is the central part of the retina and is crucial to good vision. Macular degeneration can make daily activities like reading and driving impossible. With age, the lenses of the eyes start to yellow. For adults, this provides a limited natural defense against blue light, but children are vulnerable. Blue light can also interfere with the biological clock and affect sleep.

Protecting children from the adverse impacts of electronic screens

If your child complains of burning eyes, you must review the amount of time they are spending with gadgets. Here are some tips that will help.

Limit screen time
Limit the amount of time your children spend watching TV. Limit other gadget time to an hour a day for small children and two hours a day for school going children. Break this allowance into two or three sessions to reduce eye strain.

Encourage children to play outdoors
Gadgets encourage sedentary habits which are bad for the body and mind. Encourage children to spend some time outdoors for activities that require them to move about and interact with other children. Playing outdoors with the dog or other kids is more fun than watching an animation movie for the umpteenth time. Spending time outdoors also exercises long distance vision and reduces the chances of myopia.

Don’t use gadgets as babysitters
Keeping your children busy with gadgets or TV may allow you to do whatever you want in peace, but it’s a bad idea. Instead, keep them occupied with healthier alternatives like creative toys, coloring books or storybooks.

Ensure that your child gets adequate sleep
Children should sleep for about 10 hours a day. Sleep allows the eyes to recover from strain.

Ask them to take regular breaks and blink often.
To prevent dry eyes, ask your child to blink two to three times whenever their eyes begin to hurt. Eye strain can be reduced by taking small breaks to look at something other than the screen. Most opticians advocate the 20-20-20 rule. Take a break every 20 minutes and focus on something about 20 feet away for 20 seconds.

Ensure that kids maintain the right distance from the screen
While using a computer or other personal device, the eye should be at least 20 inches away from the screen. Don’t let children sit too close while watching TV. If your child prefers to sit close to the screen, get his or her eyes tested to rule out myopia.

Don’t let them use gadgets in the dark or in sunlight
Kids may not pay attention to lighting conditions when they are engrossed in an activity. Discourage the use of gadgets in a dark room or in bright sunlight. Screen brightness should not be three times darker or brighter than the surroundings. If the device has an auto-brightness mode, enable it. This automatically adjusts screen brightness according to ambient light.

Digital screens cause eyestrain and other related symptoms like vision difficulties and headache. Kids are more vulnerable than adults and spending too much time with gadgets can affect their vision. It is difficult to keep children away from gadgets, but you can take steps to minimize the adverse effects.



Image: Gettyimages



Published in Newsletter Articles


EXECUTIVE Director, Pyramid Education Advancement Foundation, PEA, Mr. Adedapo Conde has said that the best way to liberate and remove darkness in the lives of lcitizens of ocal community was to equip them with books and a conducive environment for learning.


He said this at the launch of Agbado Ijaiye Primary School library donated by his foundation. Mr. Conde noted that the library built with support from small world and Bambini schools, and sponsored by Chemstar Paints Industry, makers of Finecoat paints; among other things was to give the 3125 pupils of Agbado Primary School 1 and 11 a tool to better position themselves among their counterparts from affluent environments and also be sound in education and knowledge. His words:


"PEA Foundation’s decision to set-up a library in Agbado Ijaiye Primary School was based on the potential impact of the project in ensuring that children from economically disadvantaged background are able to access quality books as well as have a conducive and inspiring environment to read.  We believe that these factors will enable them to develop a healthy reading culture – which will improve their vocabulary, knowledge and understanding of the world and subsequently better position them for success in life." 


The founder of the NGO added that its dream to set up libraries in undeserving communities and in public schools inspired the building of two libraries at Ojokoro community and in Ijaiye Ojokoro Senior High School. “Over the years, at least 6,500 people have benefited from our activities directly while the whole Ojokoro Community and its environs (with a population of 300,000 people) has benefited from our activities indirectly.


Our objective is to set-up libraries in undeserved communities as well as public (primary and secondary) schools. We also mentor young people through our various programs such as the book reading club, periodic career and life skills seminars, quiz competitions and also our volunteering scheme.


"added Mr Conde. Mrs Bunmi Oteju, Director, Lagos Co-Curricular who commissioned the library on behalf of Hon. Ganiyu Sopeyin, Executive Chairman, Lagos State Universal Basis Education Board SUBEB, while commending PEA for peculiar provisions it made for the pupils especially Nursery children to learn in a conducive environment called on the head teachers of the schools to ensure that the library was maintained and that children are monitored."



Source: Vanguard


Published in News Letter News


As part of activities marking the 2017 Children’s day celebration, Indomie Fan Club (IFC); Nigeria’s largest children based fan club organised a fun-filled children’s party for over 100,000 school children across the country and also used the event to reward winners of the Indomie ‘Show Your Talent Competition’ which started in April.

One of this year’s celebrations held at the Apapa Amusement Park, Lagos State hosted over 100,000 thousand children from different schools within Lagos to a fanfare celebrations. Dufil Prima Foods Plc, makers of  Indomie gave an amazing treats to all the children present regardless of their social class as they all participated in various fun activities which include bumper car, carousel, the rockets, the pirates’ ship, the spinner, the tea cup, disco ride, and the air bicycle, all in a bid to deepen the social interactions.

The Group Public Relations and Events Manager, Dufil Prima Foods Plc, Mr. Tope Ashiwaju speaking during the event explained that the celebration which is replicated across various parts of Nigeria has been decentralized to make it accessible to more children in the hinterland with such fun centres. According to him, “One of the reasons for this fun-filled event is because some of these kids may not have the privilege to go to such places to celebrate children’s day as some of their parents may not have the time or resources to do, so the brand is filling the gap and providing such ambience for the kids to have fun.”

Ashiwaju added that, “This annual event targets at least a hundred thousand kids over the period of the celebration days with over a thousand schools across the country.”

In spite of the monetary cost, the joy on the faces of the hosted children as they bond with each other is what is paramount to Indomie. A platform to bring kid together is what Indomie brand loves to do.”

Commenting on the competition, the Coordinator of Indomie Fan’s Club, Mrs. FaithJoshua,expressed that “It was a deliberate act that the grand finale of the Indomie Fan’s club ‘Show Your Talent Competition’ which started in Aprilsimultaneously hold during the Children’s Day celebration week. The competition is one of the many ways through which the brand is engaging with kids by giving the opportunity to express their creative talents and abilities.”

In the final stage of the competition, the top ten that qualified from all over the country battled it out for the first, second and third positionswith cash prizes for the best in each region of the Indomie fan’s club nationwide. In all,the sum of one million naira was shared among the top contenders in the competition with loads of other gift items.

Mrs. Dupe Ogunwo, a parent present at the event, expressed her gratitude to Dufil Prima Foods for putting together the exciting events for children, particularly for kids that their parents can’t afford such luxury. “The impact of this event cannot be quantified as it will go a long way to boost our children’s morale.”

The Indomie Children’s Day celebration which started on Monday, 22nd May will end Saturday, 27th May, 2017 and will be held simultaneously in Lagos, Abuja, Akure, Abeokuta, Benin and Ibadan.



Source: Vanguard


Published in News Letter News


The result of the just concluded 2017 National Common Entrance Examination (NCEE) has been released - A total of 80,421 candidates registered but only 77, 512 candidates sat for the examination - The highest score was 189 out of 200 and was scored by two candidates, while the least score was 4, scored by 8 candidates The federal government has released the result of the just concluded 2017 National Common Entrance Examination (NCEE) into federal unity schools. 

A statement made available to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Thursday, May 25, in Abuja said the minister of education, Malam Adamu Adamu gave approval to National Examination Council (NECO) to release the result to the public. 

The results would be available in all the state ministries of education nationwide as well as NECO zonal offices. 

A total of 80,421 candidates registered for the examination but only 77, 512 candidates actually sat for the examination. 

The minister said the general analysis of the result showed that the highest score was 189 out of 200 scored by two candidates. 

The candidates are Emeka-Egbuna Chinecherem and Joyce Onubogu both from Anambra state while the least score was 4 scored by 8 candidates. 

Adamu said Queens College, Yaba Lagos was one of the colleges with highest subscription of 5524, while the least subscribed college was FGGC, Monguno Borno state with only 21 candidates. 

According to him, the result can be accessed on-line through or through NECO zonal offices nationwide. 





Published in News Letter News


FIFTEEN students out of many that were registered and tutored by Adams College, Lagos, were decorated with medals and certificates at the maiden edition of Adams’ College Merit Award,  for scoring 300 and above  in the just concluded UTME examination.

Adams College which commenced operation 15 years ago is a tutorial college that encourages bright young minds to become the best they can be, providing conducive learning environment and a culture of excellence which places students at the cutting edge of science and technology through intensive learning and research.

The cynosure of all eyes was 17 years old Patrick Delight Kechukwu who score 339 in the UTME. Other students who scored above 300 includes,  Eboh Chinonso Jessica, Lawal Adesina,   Sanusi Oluwamayokun, among others.

Speaking at the event, Chairman and founder of the College, Mr.  Adams Adebola congratulated the awardees for their outstanding performance in the just concluded UTME, adding that their performances have added value to the rising profile of the College. He urged them to remain focus. His words: “I congratulate you on your outstanding success in the just concluded UTME and also thank you profoundly for adding to the profile of Adams College. I say this to you; you shall remain high flyers wherever you go.” “For the college, this is just the beginning of landmark achievements in as much as our watch words remain integrity, impact, commitment and above all the fear of God in our modus operandi.”


Source: Vanguard



Published in News Letter News

Enatarari Kalango,  a student of Meadow Hall College has emerged winner at the maiden edition of the British Council Recognition and Outstanding Cambridge Learner Awards for her exceptional performance in the June 2016 Cambridge examinations.

Enatarari won the prestigious prize for the Best Across Eight Cambridge IGCSEs  in the Cambridge International Examinations conducted across the six continents of the world in June 2016. 

The award ceremony, which held at the Intercontinental Hotel on the 19th of May 2017, was designed to recognise Outstanding Cambridge Learners in 2015 and 2016 and the partner schools that have exemplified Equality, Diversity, Inclusion (EDI) and Child Protection policies.

The international qualifications are recognised by the world’s best universities and employers as giving students a wide range of options in their education and career. 

Enatarari achieved all A-stars (A*) in nine of her IGCSE subjects; (English, Mathematics, Biology, Geography, Literature, Business Studies, Economics, History and ICT). She was also the Valedictorian 2016 having obtained the highest GPA in her Year Group.

In her Cambridge Checkpoint examination in June 2014, Enatarari got the highest attainable score in all her subjects (English 6.0, Mathematics 6.0 and Science 6.0).

Speaking on the award, Enatarari thanked her parents, saying “my base of support was and still is my family. They prayed for me, motivated me and reassured me that I could be the best. Knowing that I had parents who tailored every decision they made for my good, how could I not strive to make them proud.”

She also credits Meadow Hall’s Boarding House, “they created a system where peers worked together to better each other, and improvements were rewarded at the same time as pushing us to try harder.” She praises Meadow Hall College for her tremendous feat; saying “Meadow Hall College encourages every student to reach their God-given potential and on a personal level, every single one of my teachers was devoted and passionate about their job.”

In her remark, the Principal of Meadow Hall College, Mrs. Senami Adepoju said “Meadow Hall is truly the place to excel.”Meadow Hall is focused on grooming life-long learners and building a learning organisation that is conversant with the use of 21st century learning methodologies and strategies.


Source: Thisdaylive



Published in News Letter News

Beginning with the 2017 West African Senior School Certificate Examination, the West African Examination Council has said that results will be released 60 days after the last paper is written.

To this end, the examination body has launched an initiative, Project 60, and deployed over 60,000 examiners to ensure that results are released 60 days after the conduct of the examination.

Head of Information, WAEC, Mr. Demianus Ojijeogu, said this on Thursday during an interview with our correspondent.  While marking of the 2017 WASSCE has already commenced, Ojijeogu said that it would be concluded on June 10.


Results from previous diets of the examination were released after 90 days.


He said, “Project 60 was a desire of the council to improve service delivery to its numerous stakeholders. By reducing how long it takes to release results after the exam, we are rendering quality service that will enable candidates to gain admission into universities.


“Coordination and marking of 2017 WASSCE for school candidates began on May 22, 2017, with staff training and briefing. On May 23, the staff checked and collected coordination materials. On May 24, they departed to the 83 marking venues across the country designated for that purpose. Some 66, 618 examiners are participating in the process.


“Chief examiners, team leaders and assistant examiners had their coordination meetings from May 26 to May 28 and marking will end on June 10, 2017. The results will be released 60 days after the last paper was taken instead of the usual 90 days.’’




Source: Punch


Published in News Letter News
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