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Nature Facts

 

Nature 

 

 


 

  • • The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is the world’s largest reef system.
    • The waste hierarchy or 3 R’s are (in order of importance) reduce, reuse and recycle.
    • Around 75% of the volcanoes on Earth are found in the Pacific Ring of Fire, an area around the Pacific Ocean where tectonic plates meet.
    • Despite it name, the Killer Whale (Orca) is actually a type of dolphin.
    • Giant water lilies in the Amazon can grow over 6 feet in diameter.
    • The largest ocean on Earth is the Pacific Ocean.
    • The largest individual flower on Earth is from a plant called Rafflesia arnoldii. Its flowers reach up to 1 metre (3 feet) in diameter and weigh around 10kg.
    • Plants on the surface of the Earth have existed for around 400 million years.
    • Unlike humans, cows and horses sleep while standing up.
    • When an insect touches the hairs of a Venus Fly Trap it triggers the plant to close, trapping its victim before killing and dissolving it in acid.
    • Although Polar Bears have white, fluffy fur, their skin is actually black.
    • Female lions are better hunters than male lions and do most of the hunting for a pride.
    • Around three quarters of the increase in CO2 levels from human activity over the last 20 years is from the burning of fossil fuels.
    • The rest is made up largely of land use changes such as deforestation.
    • The largest land based mammals on Earth are elephants.
    • Born in 1809, Charles Darwin was an English naturalist who developed the idea of natural selection and changed the way we think about evolution.

  •  

Source: Natgeokids

 

 

 

I’m always on the lookout for simple crafts I can do with my girl. Button bracelets are easy for the kids to make and certainly help beat the summertime blues. They’re also perfect for any holiday – since it’s easy to pick the perfect buttons based on that holiday’s color scheme! There are so many fabulous color options!

To make button bracelets, you’re only going to need three simple tools:

up

 

Various colored buttons.
You’ll want the medium sized buttons, so they’re easier to thread
Elastic Threading String
Scissors

First, cut a piece of elastic threading string approx. 12” long.

midup


Tie an overhand knot at one end of the string.

Keep about 1/2” loop at the end.

Place two buttons on top of each other and thread from the bottom up. Then, thread back down on the hole across from the current position.

slast

 

Repeat for all of your button pairs. It all depends on how long you want to make the bracelet!

Once you’re done, take the loose end of threading string and thread it through the loop on the opposite end, tying the two together tightly.

The elastic helps you get the bracelet on once it’s done, so you can tie it up tightly. I love that if they’re too small, they’ll still fit because of the elastic!

It’s pretty funny when your four year old BEGS to be the model for the bracelet, and tries to pose like a model. She loves that SHE got to make a bracelet!

There are a ton of possibilities for the holidays with these bracelets, and the more colors of buttons you give the kids, the more varieties they will come up with!

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Happy Crafting!

Published in Arts & Craft

Plantain Pie Ingredients

For 12 Plantain Pies, you'll need:

 

For the dough

  • 1 over-ripe plantain
  • 300g/10.5oz. plain flour (all purpose flour)
  • 125g/4.4oz. butter (NOT margarine)
  • 1 teaspoon baking powder (optional)
  • ½ teaspoon salt

 

 

 

For the filling

Any food item that goes well with plantains (especially fried plantains) will make a great filling for Plantain Pies. That is why I called them Plantain Pies and not Yam Pies. So feel free to use beans porridge, egg omelette etc as your filling.

  • 200g/7oz. white puna yam
  • 2 eggs
  • 1 onion
  • A small piece of red pepper
  • Salt (to taste)

 

Tools you'll need to bake Plantain Pies

  • 3.75-inch (9.5cm) cookie cutter
  • 3-inch (7.5cm) cookie cutter
  • Muffin tray with 12 cups
  • Oven, sieve, spatula, brush, rolling pin etc

More information about the ingredients

   1. Baking powder is optional because I made this pie with and without baking powder, I did not notice any difference in the taste and texture.

   2. Set some butter aside for greasing the muffin tray cups.

 

Before you prepare Plantain Pie

  1. Peel and cook the yam till well done then set aside to cool down completely.
  2. Cut the onions and red pepper into small pieces.
  3. When the yam has cooled down, cut into small cubes.

Directions

The dough

  1. Peel the over ripe plantain and mash with a fork. Set aside.
  2. Sift half of the flour, the salt and the baking powder into a clean dry bowl.
  3. Cut the butter into small pieces. Add them to the flour and mix till the butter is incorporated into the flour.
  4. Add the mashed plantain. Mix with a spatula till as smooth as possible. You will notice that it is quite sticky.
  5. Start adding the second half of the flour in small quantities, mix with the plantain and flour dough, add more, mix ... till you get a non-sticky but soft ball of dough. If you do not achieve this with the quantity of flour I stated, add more flour till you get that. Ideally the quantity of flour you'll need depends on how overripe your plantain is.
  6. When you are happy, cover the ball of dough with aluminium foil and leave to rest for about 10 minutes.

The Filling

  1. Break the eggs and beat very well.
  2. Add salt and stir.
  3. Add the pieces of boiled yam, red pepper and onions. Stir very well and set aside. It should look like this.

Roll, Cut, Fill and Bake

  1. Grease the insides of the muffin tray cups with butter.
  2. When the dough has rested for about 10 minutes, knead it a few more times.
  3. Roll it out on a flat surface to a 3mm thickness.
  4. Cut the rolled out dough with the 3.75-inch cookie cutter and use the cut out dough to line the cups in the muffin tray. You can make several cuts at a time.
  5. Repeat the process till you have lined the 12 cups of the muffin tray.
  6. Scoop the filling into each of the cups. Leave some egg in the bowl; you'll need it for glazing the pies.
  7. Roll out the remaining dough and cut with the 3-inch cookie cutter. Use these to cover each of the filled cups.
  8. Using a brush, rub the top of the pies with the leftover egg from the filling. This gives the pie a golden brown look when done.
  9. Bake in a preheated oven for 30 minutes.

Oven temperatures:

  • Normal oven: 200C (400F)
  • Fan Oven: 180C (350F)
  • Gas mark number: 6

Serve with a chilled drink. These pies preserve well in the freezer and will still be fresh for up to 1 month. To use, bring out from the freezer, leave to defrost on your kitchen counter for a few hours. Warm it up in the microwave oven for about 2 minutes at medium heat.

Perfect!

 

 

 

 

This article was originally published on allnigerianrecipes

 

 

 

Published in Food & Recipes

The term World Wide Web (WWW) refers to the collection of public Web sites connected to the Internet worldwide, together with the client devices such as computers and cell phones that access its content. For many years it has become known simply as "the Web."

 

 

Origination and Early Development of the World Wide Web
Researcher Tim Berners-Lee led the development of the World Wide Web in the late 1980s and early 1990s.


He helped build prototypes of the original core Web technologies and coined the term "WWW." Web sites and Web browsing exploded in popularity during the mid-1990s and continue to be a key usage of the Internet today

 

 

About Web Technologies
The WWW is just one of many applications of the Internet and computer networks.It is based on these three core technologies:

    • HTML - Hypertext Markup Language. HTML originally supported only text documents, but with enhancements during the 1990s grew capable of handling frames,style sheets and plugins for general purpose Web site content publishing.
    • HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol. HTTP finally made it to version 2.0 after 20 years, indicative of how well the protocol accommodated the Web's growth.
    • Web servers and Web browsers. The original Netscape has given way to many other browser applications, but the same concepts of client-server communication still apply.

 

Although some people use the two terms interchangeably, the Web is built on top of the Internet and is not the Internet itself. Examples of popular applications of the Internet separate from the Web include

    •email
    • Peer to Peer (P2P) networks like BitTorrent
    • TOR and other Dark Web (darknet) systems

 

The World Wide Web Today
All major Web sites have adjusted their content design and development approach to accommodate the rapidly increasing fraction of the population accessing the Web from small-screen phones instead of large screen desktop and laptop computers.


Privacy and anonymity on the Internet are an increasingly important issue on the Web as significant amounts of personal information including a person's search history and browsing patterns are routinely captured (often for targeted advertising purposes) along with some geolocation information. Anonymous Web proxy services attempt to provide online users an extra level of privacy by re-routing their browsing through third-party Web servers.

Web sites continue to be accessed by their domain names and extensions. While "dot-com" domains remain the most popular, numerous others can now be registered including ".info" and ".biz" domains.

Competition among Web browsers continues to be strong as IE and Firefox continue to enjoy large followings, Google has established its Chrome browser as a market contender, and Apple continues to advance the Safari browser.

HTML5 re-established HTML as a modern Web technology after having stagnated for many years. Similarly, the performance enhancements of HTTP version 2 have ensured the protocol will remain viable for the foreseeable future.

Source: lifewire.com

 

*       

Published in Computer & ICT
There’s nothing better than cuddling up with a good book. Books inherently offer solitude and a temporary escape from your own story. They’re basically magic. Avid readers usually have a long history with books that often either started in the womb or shortly after — thanks to parents and their incessant desire to enrich your brain. So it’s no surprise that you (and so many others) are at your happiest when you’re reading.
Even though you might be a full-fledged reading pro and know everything about all the books you’ve ever read, chances are you don’t know all the things about actual books.
Surprisingly, there are tons of random facts about books that are super interesting.
And since you obviously love reading and learning things, we decided to round up some of the most interesting facts about books so you can know a little bit more about the thing you love most.
1. There are over 129 million books in existence.
 
According to Google, 129,864,880 million books had been published as of 2010. That number is obviously a lot higher now. So when you say out loud “Ugh, can’t find a good book to read,” know that you have a lot to choose from.
2. The most expensive book ever purchased was sold for $30.8 million.
It was Codex Leicester by Leonardo Da Vinci, and it was purchased by Bill Gates, according to Business Insider. Don’t worry though, he probably made the money back within the hour.
 
3. There’s a word for loving the smell of old books.
 
You guys, you know you love the smell of old books. They have the aroma of dust and a whole lot of history. Well now you can call it something. “Bibliosmia” is the word you’ve probably been searching for your whole life.
4. The longest sentence ever printed is 823 words.
We have a feeling it’s probably a run-on, but it’s a legit sentence that exists in Victor Hugo’s Les Miserables, according to Barnes and Noble.
5. Author’s names didn’t used to be printed on the covers of their books.
The covers of the first printed books were considered artworks. They were covered in drawings, leather and even gold — so there wasn’t a place for the author’s name.
6. The first book ever written using a typewriter was The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
 
Mark Twain must have had a lot of ink and a lot of patience.
 
7. President Theodore Roosevelt read one book per day.
 
Now that’s dedication to reading.
8. The three most read books in the world are…
 
The Holy Bible, Quotations from Chairman Mao Tse-Tung, and Harry Potter.
 
9. Icelandic people read more than anyone.
 
Perhaps it has to do with the weather, or maybe they’re just taught to really love books. Either way, Iceland for the win!
10. Alice in Wonderland is based on a real 10-year-old girl.
 
Her name was Alice Liddell, and her family was close friends with author Lewis Carroll. While on a boating trip, she asked him to tell her a story — and that’s how Alice was born.
11. Illiteracy is still a huge problem throughout the world.
 
One in five adults around the world can’t read or write, with the highest rates in South and West Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
 
 
 
This article was originally published on Hellogiggles

 

 

Published in Facts

 Beginning a conversation about sex early and continuing that conversation as the child grows is the best sex education strategy. It lets parents avoid giving one big talk when the child reaches adolescence, when it may already be too late. These conversations are easiest when they come out of a life experience, like seeing a pregnant woman or a baby. Here are some tips:


1. Think about how you w​ere taught about sex as a child
Ask yourself if you want your child to have the same or a different experience.


2. Give age-appropriate answers
This means explaining things in a way that your child can understand given their age. There is no need to answer questions they haven’t asked. Don’t overload them with information. They will glaze over and nothing will get through. See our guide to age-appropriate sex education.


3. Try to keep the exchange as a dialogue
When kids ask questions about sex, gently throw questions back at them. Find out what they know already and where they heard it from. This way, you can correct any misinformation from the start. Dialogue slows conversation down, giving you time to think, and lets you have a better idea when to stop.
It is very important to find out exactly what children are actually asking about. Sometimes when they ask where babies come from, they really want to know what ‘adopted’ means.


4. Be honest
Children can often figure out when parents are not telling them the truth. If this happens, children are less likely to be receptive in the future.
Do not worry if you do not know the answer yourself. Tell your child that the question was a good one, that you do not know the whole answer, and that you can both look up the answer together. Again, this helps slow the conversation down.


5. Read
There are great, age-appropriate books about sex and reproduction for both parents and kids. Reading also helps get over any embarrassment.


6. If your child hasn’t asked about sex, start the conversation
Some kids are just naturally shy and don’t tend to ask a lot of questions about anything. Do not wait. Initiate a conversation with the child about sex. Ask them what they know and what is being taught at school. Use examples from nature. Even in the city, animals are courting and mating all around us. Addressing animal reproduction first is a great way to introduce and reinforce sex education about people.


7. Keep your cool
Get ready for the fact that sex talk will come up at badly timed moments, like in a bank line-up, and at full volume. Do not feel you have to answer, but rather say “great question, let’s talk about that in the car.” Moments like these are also a great opportunity to explain about privacy issues. As the child learns about sex, you can let them know that speaking about it everywhere is not appropriate.
The car can be a great place to speak with your child about sex. The fact that you are both staring straight ahead may take some of the embarrassment out of the conversation. Sitting side by side on a park bench will do the same thing.
If your child asks you personal questions, answer in the abstract. Tell them you understand their curiosity but some things are a private part of your life. For example, if they ask if mummy and daddy have sex every night they go to bed together, you can answer that when people sleep together that does not necessarily mean that they are having sex.


8. Remember that sex education is a continuing process
Children will need some things repeated in order to understand. Keep talking.​​​

 

 

 

This article was originally published on Aboutkidshealth

 

 

Published in Sex Education

Plenty of parents, both expectant and veteran, would probably say they'll be happy as long as their children find happiness in life. But as most of my friends with kids have confessed, they genuinely hope they are raising strong, independent, and confident children. If you're anything like me, you don't want to rely on hope or a crystal ball to figure out what kind of person your child will become. Thankfully, there are early signs your kid will be a leader, so you won't have to just cross your fingers and wait to find out.


Now that I'm a mother, my own mom has imparted some words of wisdom. She often say, "if your child is ready to leave you, that's a good thing, because it means you've done your job by preparing them for the world." But the worrier in me feels like the world will never be a safe enough place for my precious child. Fortunately, my son reminds me every single day that it's the world which won't be ready for his indomitable spirit.

If this sounds anything like your child, then you might have a fearless fighter in your midst. So check out some of these early signs, as explained by the experts, that your child is destined to become a leader.


1. They Like To Dabble
Does your little one like to try out a variety of activities? Though it might be frustrating when your child is hopping from one thing to the next, it could be a good indicator of leadership. According to Business, "if your child's schedule looks like a hodgepodge mess with no real core, that’s a good thing." What exactly does your kid's sporadic style mean in terms of leadership? The site noted that this implies your future leader wants "to learn about diverse things and not just rely on their strengths." So let them dabble and try out as many hobbies as your parental patience can handle.


2. They Require Few Reminders
Even before your child reaches school-age, you can already get a sense of what kind of learner they will be. If you aren't constantly having to get on them start and finish daily tasks or chores, they'll probably have no trouble with accomplishing goals later in life. According to Duke University's Talent Identification Program (Duke TIP), "self-sufficiency and assuming responsibility shows leadership potential in a child." A child who enjoys completing things on their own is simply demonstrating the early signs of independence.


3. Their Empathy Skills Are On Point
It's often assumed that sensitive, introverted, or shy children lack the ability to become a leader. As it turns out, being empathetic and understand how to relate to others emotionally is a very positive trait. Dr. Gail Gross, a parenting and education expert, told The Huffington Post that an emotional I.Q. is a great asset for leadership. Children, just like adults, are full of feelings, so the ability to interpret them is a character strength for anyone.

 

4. They're Social Butterflies
In a study on early leadership signs, Dr. Susan E. Murphy and Dr. Stephanie K. Johnson noted that, "toddlers who used pro-social strategies to secure [relationships] were high in social competence." So what exactly is social competence and how does it relate to leadership? Murphy and Johnson explained that, "social competence is the ability to form and maintain positive relationships with others, which is an important skill for leaders." Encouraging friendly playtime with other children is always a good idea.


5. They're Mini-Grown-Ups
You know those kids who have no problem joining in a conversation with a group of grown-ups? In addition to being adorably sophisticated, their mature style has leadership written all over it. Dr. Caroline Hunt, an associate professor of psychology at the University of Sydney, told Kid's Spot that a child who, "is a natural leader will exhibit behavior normally associated with adults." Just remember that small children often imitate everything they hear.


6. They're Team Players
In television and film, the designated leader tends to be the main one talking and can even come across as brash. But Sally McCormack, a clinical psychologist, told Essential Kids that children who are, "inspiring leaders are good listeners, encourage and inspire others," which may not always fall in line with the stereotype of leaders being loud, bold, and taking charge. If history is any indication, the greatest leaders were ones who knew how to support and embolden others.

 

7. They Go For It
My parents always told me it was better to try and fail then never try at all. So it's not surprising that kids who go for it have the potential for becoming a leader. According to Inc., a top sign of leadership is if, "your child has a flair for taking risks, but you can also see elements of them learning to weigh the pros and cons." Essentially, that's how everyone learns. You take a risk and are better prepared for next time.


8. They Trust Their Instincts
I envy the way my son can make tough calls, like whether he should color with the blue crayon or the purple one. According to Duke TIP, the ability to make difficult decisions is a sign your child will be a leader. I'm sure plenty of leaders have only gotten where they are today because they trusted their instinct and followed through when a decision needed to be made.

 

9. They're Able To Adapt
Being able to adapt your strengths to a situation is a sign of leadership potential. Dr. Thomas Berndt, head of the department of psychological sciences at Purdue University, told Parenting, children who are leaders can, "change depending on their skills and the tasks the group confronts." So keep an eye out for if your kid suddenly starts seeming more and more like McGyver.

 

 

 

 

This article was originally published on Romper

 

 

 

Published in Newsletter Articles
Bad behavior is often a sign that children are stressed—and punishment isn’t the best solution.
 
Children who are in a heightened state of emotional arousal can have very sensitive limbic systems, where their brains are primed to respond to threats even when none exist. For example, experiments have shown that children who are chronically over-aroused will label neutral faces as hostile.
This means that children who react with hostility or by shutting down are likely showing the outward signs of an inward experience of stress overload. If we don’t recognize the signs, figure out what is stressing them, and help them to cope—instead of using blame, threats, or punishments—we will continue to make matters worse for them, rather than better.
Here are the steps I outline in my book that can help parents deal with problematic behavior or anxiety in their children more effectively:
 
1. Recognize when your children are over-stressed
A lot of your work as a parent involves learning how to understand the meaning of behaviors that you would otherwise find troubling or irritating. If you learn to read the signs and recognize them for what they are—a signal of a system on overload—you will be able to resist assigning blame or labels to your children. Reframing your children’s behavior as a reaction to stress rather than willful misbehavior, and learning to listen to your children and to observe them with curiosity, is the first and perhaps most important step in self-regulation.
 
2. Identify the stressors in your children’s lives
Stress in children often involves disappointments in their relationships, schoolwork, and other purposeful activities, or having too much to do in too little time. But stress can also be hidden and have biological sources. For example, some children are highly distressed by too much noise, light, or odor, and this can cause ongoing problems in their lives that may be hidden from you. They may also find boredom, waiting, or sitting still extremely stressful. Stressors can come from many sources—biological, emotional, cognitive, and social domains—so it’s important to consider all of these.
Though our environment may be highly stressful to our children, we often overlook information that could alert us to this fact. We—or they—may carry on as if it doesn’t matter. That doesn’t mean that their unconscious mind isn’t registering the stress and responding with stress, though, which can in turn create a fight, flight, or freeze response.
Parents can look for patterns of behavior—such as children always breaking down around 5:30 pm—to help figure out what their children’s stressors are—perhaps they are hungry at that hour. Or, if it’s less obvious, try reviewing in your head the different domains of their lives and what might be causing stress. Whatever you do, don’t become a further drain on them by reacting in anger or judgment. Instead, try to listen and calmly affirm what seems to be going on for your children.
 
3. Reduce those stressors
It’s amazing how simply reducing sources of stress can change a child’s behavior quickly. I once saw a child who was sensitive to noise, light, and textures labeled as a “problem child” by his teacher, only to have that opinion completely reversed when she realized that dimming the classroom lights changed his demeanor drastically. Sadly, the child had had to endure her judgment, communicated through raised voices and hardened facial expressions, for some time prior. In fact, she’d also labeled his father and grandfather as difficult.
The same thing can happen to parents who don’t pay attention to what stresses their children and bring it into their conscious awareness. Once sources of stress have been identified, it’s much easier to either help our kids avoid them or to mitigate them, as best we can—perhaps by moving our dinner hour earlier or dimming the lights or giving them a hug after they’ve failed a test.
Sometimes, reducing our children’s stress involves understanding what stresses us out and how it impacts our behavior. Learning how to soothe our own stress can help us self-regulate our emotions and lead to less reactivity toward our kids when they are suffering, as well as provide important role modeling for them.
 
4. Help your children find calming strategies that work for them
We all need strategies for reducing tension and replenishing our energy. No one size fits all, so it’s important to read the signs in your children, recognize their unique sources of stress, and make sure their self-regulation strategies fit their needs.
Mindfulness has been touted as a way to instill calm energy and to make our children more aware. But sometimes our children can get so used to feeling excessive stress that a state of hyper-alertness becomes “normal,” so much so that sitting still and focusing on their breathing—a typical mindfulness exercise—can be a thousand times more distressing than being manic.
Helping your children to slowly develop an awareness of their inner states and to find relaxation techniques that help them calm down can be incredibly empowering. Teaching your children mindful breathing—if done slowly and with supports in place—can be one technique to help them increase awareness of their need for calm.
But it’s important that calming techniques are experienced by your children as enjoyable, too, and don’t add to their stress inadvertently. There are many relaxation exercises that produce calm, such as practicing yoga, taking a walk, or working on art projects, for example. Encourage your children to experiment with what helps them most and support them in finding relief.
 
5. Take a long-term perspective
 When you help your children find self-regulation strategies, be careful to consider the distinction between “quiet” and “calm.” For example, a child may be quiet when playing video games, but no one would mistake that for calm, and you shouldn’t either. Their brains are producing stress hormones galore when they are engaged and quiet playing video games. The point of finding strategies is not to make your life easier in the short run (by having your kids remain quiet), but to make their life easier and more productive in the long run (by helping them handle stress in a calming manner).
Of course, following my advice doesn’t mean that your children will never misbehave, or that all of their problematic behaviors are a response to stress. But, so much of the time, misbehavior is a cry for help—a cry that we, as parents and adults, need to answer with compassion and understanding, not punishment.
Following the steps of self-regulation does not guarantee your child will suddenly stop irritating or frustrating you, but it may help prevent some unnecessary suffering. Our research has shown that following these steps is a powerful way for children to change their behavior. When your children see that you truly understand them and that you are committed to doing what you can to help, it will go a long way toward improving your relationship with them, as well as their ability to cope with life’s challenges.
 
 
This article was originally published on mentalfloss

 

 

 

Published in Parenting

Whether you skim a blog post, peruse files for work, or browse through a book, you most likely do some type of reading every day. But slogging through dense passages of text can be time-consuming, mentally exhausting, and hard on your eyes. If you want to read faster while maintaining reading comprehension, check out these seven tips.

 

1. PREVIEW THE TEXT.

Viewing a film’s trailer before watching the movie gives you context and lets you know what to expect. Likewise, previewing a text before reading it prepares you to quickly gain an understanding of what you’re about to read. To preview a text, scan it from the beginning to the end, paying special attention to headings, subheadings, anything in bold or large font, and bullet points. To get a big picture understanding, skim the introductory and concluding paragraphs. Try to identify transition sentences, examine any images or graphs, and figure out how the author structured the text.

 

2. PLAN YOUR ATTACK.
Strategically approaching a text will make a big difference in how efficiently you can digest the material. First, think about your goals. What do you want to learn by reading the material? Jot down some questions you want to be able to answer by the end. Then, determine the author’s goal in writing the material, based on your preview. The author’s goal, for example, might be to describe the entire history of Ancient Rome, while your goal is simply to answer a question about Roman women’s role in politics. If your goal is more limited in scope than the author’s, plan to only find and read the pertinent sections.

Similarly, vary your plan of attack based on the type of material you’re about to read. If you’re going to read a dense legal or scientific text, you should probably plan to read certain passages more slowly and carefully than you’d read a novel or magazine.

 

3. BE MINDFUL.
Reading quickly with good comprehension requires focus and concentration. Minimize external noise, distractions, and interruptions, and be mindful when your thoughts wander as you read. If you notice that you’re fantasizing about your next meal rather than focusing on the text, gently bring your mind back to the material. Many readers read a few sentences passively, without focus, then spend time going back and re-reading to make sure they understand them. According to author Tim Ferriss, this habit, called regression, will significantly slow you down and make it harder to get a big picture view of the text. If you carefully and attentively approach a text, you'll quickly realize if you’re not understanding a section, saving you time in the long run.

 

4. DON’T READ EVERY WORD.
To increase your reading speed, pay attention to your eyes. Most people can scan in 1.5 inch chunks, which, depending on the font size and type of text, usually comprise three to five words each. Rather than reading each word individually, move your eyes in a scanning motion, jumping from a chunk (of three to five words) to the next chunk of words. Take advantage of your peripheral vision to speed up around the beginning and end of each line, focusing on blocks of words rather than the first and last words.

Pointing your finger or a pen at each chunk of words will help you learn to move your eyes quickly over the text. And it will encourage you not to subvocalize as you read. Subvocalization, or silently pronouncing each word in your head as you read, will slow you down and distract you from the author’s main point.

 

5. DON’T READ EVERY SECTION.
According to Dartmouth College’s Academic Skills Center, it’s an old-fashioned myth that students must read every section of a textbook or article. Unless you’re reading something extremely important, skip the sections that aren’t relevant to your purpose. Reading selectively will make it possible for you to digest the main points of many texts, rather than only having time to fully read a couple.

 

6. WRITE A SUMMARY.
Your job shouldn’t end when you read the last word on the page. After you finish reading, write a few sentences to summarize what you read, and answer any questions you had before you started reading. Did you learn what you were hoping to learn? By spending a few minutes after reading to think, synthesize the information, and write what you learned, you’ll solidify the material in your mind and have better recall later. If you’re a more visual or verbal learner, draw a mind map summary or tell someone what you learned.

 

7. PRACTICE TIMED RUNS.
Approaching a text strategically, reading actively, and summarizing effectively takes practice. If you want to improve your reading speed, use a timer to test how many words (or pages) per minute you can read. As you’re able to read faster and faster, check in with yourself to make sure you’re happy with your level of comprehension.

 

 

 

 

This article was originally published on mentalfloss

 

 

Published in Success Tips

These names all come to mind when we think of successful people.

And even though all three are great examples of success, there are lots of other people who are successful in their own right, although we may not be as familiar with their names.

But their habits? Well, that’s a different story. You see, successful people all do similar things. As Brian Tracy says, “Success leaves tracks.” It’s these “tracks,” the behaviors and habits, that set them apart from the ordinary folks who just work their 9-to-5 jobs, clocking in and out every day, never looking to get ahead.

If you want to be one of the greats, if you want to be a big success in life and leave ordinary behind, do these 10 things successful people do, and get ready for the big results that are sure to follow if you do them consistently.

 

1. They commit to their goals

When successful people set a goal, nothing gets in their way of achieving it. They commit 100 percent to the outcome, knowing that one difference between successful and unsuccessful people is that the successful ones commit to a goal and don’t stop until they achieve it.

 

2. And they persist until they achieve them

Obstacles to success are normal and should be expected. They can’t always be planned for. However, you can decide when you commit to success that you’re going to persist no matter what obstacles arise. Go around them, go over them, or push through them, but persist no matter what happens. That’s what successful people do, and so should you if you want to mimic their success.

 

3. They take responsibility

Successful people know that they are the masters of their own destiny. You don’t hear them complain about the things that stopped them from success. You won’t hear them make excuses. Instead, they push forward knowing that they are the only thing that will make or break their success.

 

4. They work hard

Have you ever met someone who is super-successful and lazy? Neither have I. The truth is that the road to success is paved with hard work. If you want to achieve great results, you’ll need to wake up early, stay up late and put in your time. Success doesn’t just come to those who want it. You’ve got to pay your dues.

 

5. Find people who are doing what they want and emulate them

A college professor once gave me some of the best advice I ever received. He said, “if you want to be wealthy, hang out with wealthy people. If you want to be funny, hang out with funny people. And if you want to be poor, hang out with poor people.”

The truth is that people naturally mimic the behaviors of those around them. Mindset is contagious. So if you want to be a big success in life, spend time with others who are already successful.

Don’t know anyone successful? That’s ok. You can read books written by them or about them. Listen to their radio interviews or watch them on TV. Attitude and success is contagious, so catch it by hanging around some of the greats.

6. They believe in themselves and their vision

The school of hard knocks ain’t easy, so if you want to achieve big results, you’ve got to believe in yourself. The world’s most successful people have unshakeable confidence in themselves and in their vision. Without it, they’d have to give up too easily after a few obstacles got in their way.

How’s your confidence? Do you believe you can achieve your dreams? I’ll tell you something in case nobody told you before: you can do whatever you want in life, you’ve just to first believe it, and then work like mad to get it.

 

7. They take care of themselves

When was the last time you saw a successful person who was obese or extremely overweight? Sure, these people exist, but they’re the exception to the rule. Most successful people know they need energy to get ahead, and the best way to have that is to eat right, exercise and get proper rest. Which brings us to our next point…

 

8. They rest and recharge

Hard work is a requirement for success, but you can only push yourself 24/7 for so long. Successful people work hard and then unplug so they can refresh their minds and bodies.

If you’ve been pushing it to the limit, think about unplugging for a long weekend or more. Once you get back to the grind, you’ll be more effective at getting the results you want.

 

9. They constantly learn

Successful people believe that learning never ends. This doesn’t mean they’re going to school to get new degrees, although they may. Even without formal education, they’re constantly reading and learning from others around them, perhaps from books, trade magazines or conferences, or from others who are ahead of where they want to be.

What have you learned recently that can get you closer to the success you want? If you haven’t picked up a book, trade magazine or listened to CDs or MP3s that can get you smarter in your field, it’s time to start.

 

10. They make mistakes and learn from them

Successful people aren’t afraid to take risks. Because of their unshakeable confidence, they treat any mistake as a learning opportunity.

Think about the last mistake you made. Didn’t make a sale? Reevaluate your sales call and make it better next time. Screwed up a presentation? Read a book on how to present successfully so you can crush your next one. Failed in your last relationship? Call your ex and ask what you can do better with your next partner. So go take some risks, don’t be afraid of making mistakes, and if you stumble, learn from it so you can be better next time.

These are 10 things successful people do. How many of them are you doing today? If not all, or most of them, it’s time to upgrade your behaviors so you can get the success you deserve.

Source: LifeHack

These names all come to mind when we think of successful people.

And even though all three are great examples of success, there are lots of other people who are successful in their own right, although we may not be as familiar with their names.

But their habits? Well, that’s a different story. You see, successful people all do similar things. As Brian Tracy says, “Success leaves tracks.” It’s these “tracks,” the behaviors and habits, that set them apart from the ordinary folks who just work their 9-to-5 jobs, clocking in and out every day, never looking to get ahead.

If you want to be one of the greats, if you want to be a big success in life and leave ordinary behind, do these 10 things successful people do, and get ready for the big results that are sure to follow if you do them consistently.

1. They commit to their goals

When successful people set a goal, nothing gets in their way of achieving it. They commit 100 percent to the outcome, knowing that one difference between successful and unsuccessful people is that the successful ones commit to a goal and don’t stop until they achieve it.

2. And they persist until they achieve them

Obstacles to success are normal and should be expected. They can’t always be planned for. However, you can decide when you commit to success that you’re going to persist no matter what obstacles arise. Go around them, go over them, or push through them, but persist no matter what happens. That’s what successful people do, and so should you if you want to mimic their success.

ADVERTISING
 
 

3. They take responsibility

Successful people know that they are the masters of their own destiny. You don’t hear them complain about the things that stopped them from success. You won’t hear them make excuses. Instead, they push forward knowing that they are the only thing that will make or break their success.

4. They work hard

Have you ever met someone who is super-successful and lazy? Neither have I. The truth is that the road to success is paved with hard work. If you want to achieve great results, you’ll need to wake up early, stay up late and put in your time. Success doesn’t just come to those who want it. You’ve got to pay your dues.

5. Find people who are doing what they want and emulate them

A college professor once gave me some of the best advice I ever received. He said, “if you want to be wealthy, hang out with wealthy people. If you want to be funny, hang out with funny people. And if you want to be poor, hang out with poor people.”

The truth is that people naturally mimic the behaviors of those around them. Mindset is contagious. So if you want to be a big success in life, spend time with others who are already successful.

Don’t know anyone successful? That’s ok. You can read books written by them or about them. Listen to their radio interviews or watch them on TV. Attitude and success is contagious, so catch it by hanging around some of the greats.

ADVERTISING
 
 

6. They believe in themselves and their vision

The school of hard knocks ain’t easy, so if you want to achieve big results, you’ve got to believe in yourself. The world’s most successful people have unshakeable confidence in themselves and in their vision. Without it, they’d have to give up too easily after a few obstacles got in their way.

How’s your confidence? Do you believe you can achieve your dreams? I’ll tell you something in case nobody told you before: you can do whatever you want in life, you’ve just to first believe it, and then work like mad to get it.

7. They take care of themselves

When was the last time you saw a successful person who was obese or extremely overweight? Sure, these people exist, but they’re the exception to the rule. Most successful people know they need energy to get ahead, and the best way to have that is to eat right, exercise and get proper rest. Which brings us to our next point…

8. They rest and recharge

Hard work is a requirement for success, but you can only push yourself 24/7 for so long. Successful people work hard and then unplug so they can refresh their minds and bodies.

If you’ve been pushing it to the limit, think about unplugging for a long weekend or more. Once you get back to the grind, you’ll be more effective at getting the results you want.

9. They constantly learn

Successful people believe that learning never ends. This doesn’t mean they’re going to school to get new degrees, although they may. Even without formal education, they’re constantly reading and learning from others around them, perhaps from books, trade magazines or conferences, or from others who are ahead of where they want to be.

ADVERTISING
 
 

What have you learned recently that can get you closer to the success you want? If you haven’t picked up a book, trade magazine or listened to CDs or MP3s that can get you smarter in your field, it’s time to start.

10. They make mistakes and learn from them

Successful people aren’t afraid to take risks. Because of their unshakeable confidence, they treat any mistake as a learning opportunity.

Think about the last mistake you made. Didn’t make a sale? Reevaluate your sales call and make it better next time. Screwed up a presentation? Read a book on how to present successfully so you can crush your next one. Failed in your last relationship? Call your ex and ask what you can do better with your next partner. So go take some risks, don’t be afraid of making mistakes, and if you stumble, learn from it so you can be better next time.

These are 10 things successful people do. How many of them are you doing today? If not all, or most of them, it’s time to upgrade your behaviors so you can get the success you deserve.

Published in Success Tips
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